The term ‘Public Speaking’ has received a wide range of definitions, and explanations. It is also classified as oratory or the art of oratorical prowess. It is simply the art or process of delivering a presentation or speech in order to educate, inspire, influence, inform or entertain an audience.
Public speaking is the face-to-face talking, or formal expression of a particular person to a team of listeners. The aim of public speaking is to persuade the listeners to follow a specified path of life. You are not a good public speaker if your speech is worthless or uninspiring.
Elements of Public Speaking
There are different elements of public speaking. They are:
- Motivational speaking
- Personal / leadership development
- Customer service
- Mass communication, and
- Large group communication
Public speaking is a powerful tool we can use to inform, persuade, influence, translate, and motivate someone or some people to act. Good public speakers have the capability of changing the emotions of their audience.
This is why public speaking is regarded by many as an interpersonal communication or a discourse community. Public speakers for commercial events and businesses are usually paid.
Training and Education
Many public speakers belong to a wide range of associations like:
- Toastmasters International
- National Speakers Association
- Speaking Circles
- Power talk International
- Association of Speakers Clubs (ASC)
In most of these schools, public speakers are trained to be effective in their profession. Exercises include:
- The use of gestures
- Oratorical rendition or oratory
- Inflection or the control of the voice
- Word choice, register and vocabulary
- Pitches, speaking notes
- Use of humour
- Show of hands method
- Communication with the audience and lots more.
Many private and public coaching schools are encouraged to incorporate more courses into their programs. Studies have shown that students who receive public speaking courses perform better academically, professionally and personally. To make an investment in your future, consider communication skills training to take yourself to the next level. Having the confidence in the professional world can make your dream career become a reality.
Most employees have been able to receive a pay raise because of their excellent speaking skills. Professional public speakers also arm themselves with ongoing education and training so as to refine their craft such as mastering better storytelling techniques, enhancing their speaking skills, learning how to use communication tools, learning how to use humour plus continuous research in the chosen area.
Most public speakers were not trained; some of them are high-profile personalities, politicians, sports stars and many more. Most of them acquired public speaking and oratorical skills due to their exposure to life and events.
While some of them have the natural ability to display and communicate their intentions to the audience without any fear of stage fright. Most of these people have the capacity to move the audience for whatever purpose.
Essential aspects of Public Speaking
The following are essential aspects of interpersonal communication:
- Language use, and
- Rhetoric use
If you have these two qualities, you will surely communicate your message in an effective and unique way. Notable examples of world class public speakers are Barrack Obama, Winston Churchill, Abraham Lincoln, Myles Munroe, Martin Luther King Jr, etc- these people used the power of oratory to have a positive influence on the society. Politicians are not included in the list because their speeches are usually analyzed by their opponents and supporters.